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Paragraphs and Topic Sentences

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Paragraphs & Topic Sentences


Abstract and critical thinking problems with expression problems with abstract thinking problems with critical thinking problems with forming opinions very good Teaching pre-writing with technology Do you have anything that would help me teach pre-writing with technology i.

I plan to do brainstorming, organizing, etc. Click here to learn how Merit Software can help you. Call or text Toggle navigation Site Menu. Keep Informed of Updates and New Products: Please tell us about yourself: For additional ornamentation, a hedera leaf or other symbol can be added to the inter-paragraph whitespace, or put in the indentation space. A second common modern English style is to use no indenting, but add vertical white space to create "block paragraphs.

This style is very common in electronic formats, such as on the World Wide Web and email. Widows and orphans occur when the first line of a paragraph is the last line in a column or page, or when the last line of a paragraph is the first line of a new column or page.

A recent trendy idea in English is not to indent the first paragraph, but indent those that follow. For example, Robert Bringhurst states that we should "Set opening paragraphs flush left. The function of a paragraph is to mark a pause, setting the paragraph apart from what precedes it.

If a paragraph is preceded by a title or subhead, the indent is superfluous and can therefore be omitted. The Elements of Typographic Style states that "at least one en [space] " should be used to indent paragraphs after the first, [3] noting that that is the "practical minimum". In word processing and desktop publishing , a hard return or paragraph break indicates a new paragraph, to be distinguished from the soft return at the end of a line internal to a paragraph.

This distinction allows word wrap to automatically re-flow text as it is edited, without losing paragraph breaks. The software may apply vertical whitespace or indenting at paragraph breaks, depending on the selected style. How such documents are actually stored depends on the file format. In plaintext files, there are two common formats.

Pre-formatted text will have a newline at the end of every physical line, and two newlines at the end of a paragraph, creating a blank line.

An alternative is to only put newlines at the end of each paragraph, and leave word wrapping up to the application that displays or processes the text. A line break that is inserted manually, and preserved when re-flowing, may still be distinct from a paragraph break, although this is typically not done in prose. Paragraphs are commonly numbered using the decimal system, where in books the integral part of the decimal represents the number of the chapter and the fractional parts are arranged in each chapter in order of magnitude.

Whittaker and Watson attribute this system of numbering to Giuseppe Peano on their "Contents" page, although this attribution does not seem to be widely credited elsewhere. Many published books use a device to separate certain paragraphs further when there is a change of scene or time. This extra space, especially when co-occurring at a page or section break, may contain an asterisk , three asterisks, a special stylistic dingbat , or a special symbol known as an asterism. What is a topic sentence?

A topic sentence is the first sentence of the body paragraph. Simply put, the topic sentence introduces the topic of the paragraph. A good topic sentence will be broad enough to allow for explication but narrow enough that it does not require a paragraph that is too long. What is a supporting sentence? The supporting sentences of a paragraph are the sentences between the topic sentence and the concluding sentence. That is, they explain and elaborate the point of the paragraph. What is a concluding sentence?

The concluding sentence is the last sentence in the paragraph. It should succinctly end the paragraph and transition to the next paragraph, if appropriate. As mentioned above, the ideas in a paragraph should logically fit together. Furthermore, they should flow from one idea to the next.


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In order to write a good paragraph, students need to understand the four essential elements of paragraph writing and how each element contributes to the whole. The four elements essential to good paragraph writing are: unity, order, coherence, and completeness.

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A paragraph is defined as “a group of sentences or a single sentence that forms a unit” (Lunsford and Connors ). Length and appearance do not determine whether a section in a paper is a paragraph. For instance, in some styles of writing, particularly journalistic styles, a .

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Before writing a paragraph, it is important to think first about the topic and then what you want to say about the topic. Most often, the topic is easy, but the question . A paragraph is a piece of writing that consists of several sentences. A paragraph should always have complete, correct, and concise sentences. As well it should be easy to read and well organized. The paragraph itself should focus on one subject, theme, or central idea. In other words, a paragraph could be about an object such as a young boy.

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Writing Paragraphs In writing, students begin by learning letters, then words, and finally sentences. In time, students learn how to write a paragraph by taking those sentences and organizing them around a . Introducing Paragraph Punch. As students advance, to improve writing skills they need in-depth support. They need to organize their thoughts and learn to clearly communicate their ideas in writing. However, it can be challenging for teachers to provide personal attention to each pupil. This is .