Firstly, this includes the buying and selling of human organs and tissues: On the other hand, there are people who believe that treating any part of the body like a saleable good is a violation of human dignity. Organ donation has evolved considerably in the last 50 years. Following is a history of the procurement of organs and tissues. Initially, organ transplantation started with kidneys, but now it has diversified to lungs, livers, hearts and other organs.
It has slowly evolved to encompass various parts of the body. Progress in organ donation and cadaveric practices. To decide who can donate organs has been a continuously evolving process.
Firstly, it started with living donors and later moved on to include dead and brain dead donors. Even today, there are debates about growing and limiting the qualified donors.
In the year of , the surviving donors managed to even outnumber cadaveric donors. This was a milestone in the history of the United States. Formulation of anti-rejection drugs to enhance development and success The formulation of anti-rejection drugs has compounded the success of organ transplants. In the s and s, immunosuppressant drugs were used to increase the success rate of organ transplants Flaman, Cyclosporine was stumbled upon in the s. It greatly improved the success rate for patients undergoing transplants.
The overall results were also improved. A phenomenon called xenotransplantation also became well-known — this entails the usage of animal organs for human transplantation. Subsequently, the first xenotransplantation was conducted in This breakthrough means of transplantation started gaining popularity and researchers started performing more intensive studies on it.
The number of people who required organ transplantation started to multiply. The discovery of the first artificial organs. In the , the first artificial heart transplant took place which was followed closely by the American public and the news media. This basically involved segmenting organs into pieces either from cadaveric donors or surviving donors. In , the first split liver transplant too place. It permitted one cadaveric liver to be used among several patients who required a transplant.
There are certain ethical concerns regarding how organs and tissues are obtained. There have also been cases reported in India where people have gained consciousness after a kidnapping incident, only to discover that one of their organs has been removed in that process Caplan, In regards to this issue, there are people who draw a difference between waste matter of humans, certain body parts that happen to regenerate such as blood and non-regenerative human organs such as kidneys.
If a donor has to pay for organs, this can put undue pressure on him. It nullifies a contract or free consent. There are some people who are also fearful of the fact that if the buying and selling of organs became a notorious business, then it would undermine the nobility associated with organ transplants. In the Indian case, kidney sellers used this money to pay debts and take care of their families, but they were not able to make any structural changes to their low socioeconomic status.
Thus, it seems that commercialization of organ transplantation is a step that would increase global inequality, spreading it into the essential sphere of human life — to the distribution of human body parts. Moreover, such trend would only exist on the level of a single society. If the entire world commercialized organs for transplantation, populations from poor countries would highly likely to export their organs to the wealthy populations, causing growth in health inequality.
The reorganization of the entire concept of international legal system and insurance concerning human organs is an incredibly complex process that would lead to controversial results. Not only the demand would highly unlikely to be satisfied because of the high price of organs, but there might also be a serious problem of too intensive supply. People would sell their organs, which will be ready for transplantation, yet there will be no customers ready to pay the price. Many organs would be not used, with the majority of people stuck in the economic inability to purchase this service.
Thus, the idea of commercialization of organs for transplantation seems far from resolving the issue of high demand for organs. Commercialization of human organs for transplantation is still illegal in most of the contemporary countries, with individuals being able only to donate their body parts.
While the introducing of human tissue market is a controversial affair in both ethical and economic measures, it is estimated that the demand for human organs has been rising for the last decades, meaning there have to be new transplantation approaches. However, commercialization would mean that inequality in the world would only rise, while any individuals would simply be not able to afford the organs for transplantation.
Although commercialization will surely save more lives, its negative consequences are arguably more damaging and unfair than the positive ones. Law And The Human Body. Simmerling, Mary et al. Ovid Technologies Wolters Kluwer Health , doi: Sajjad, Imran et al. Your email address will not be published. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Notify me of new posts by email. Get access to the list of our best samples for free. We divided them into categories of various types of papers and disciplines for your convenience.
Commercialization of Organ Transplants. Get your writing assignment done in 4 simple steps 1 Fill in order details Submit your instructions to writers for free! Start receiving proposals from writers. Organ Donation Research Paper: Commercialization of organ transplantation: Positive potential consequences of commercialization of organ transplants Humanity is still experiencing a significant lack of organ donors.
Problematic potential consequences of commercialization of organ transplants Despite the optimism expressed above, there are multiple issues connected to other consequences of commercialization of organ transplantation. Conclusion Commercialization of human organs for transplantation is still illegal in most of the contemporary countries, with individuals being able only to donate their body parts.
Works Cited Hardcastle, Rohan John. Order Now Submit your instructions to writers for free. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Every 12 minutes another name is added to the national transplant waiting list. Of those 88, waiting 61, of them are waiting for a kidney. How many of you here are organ donors? I use to feel that I didn't want a Doctor taking anything from me after I have passed, even knowing that two of my family members, an Uncle and Cousin, had severe kidney disease.
It wasn't until after they had passed away that I really thought about organ donation and that's pretty sad, it shouldn't be like that. I have a bumper sticker on my car that reads, "Don't take your organs to Heaven, Heaven knows we need them here" and how true that is.
When you hear something like that it tends to make you think about your decision not to donate. But in all honesty I wasn't completely sure about just giving my organs away, I had to do my research on organ donation, I had questions, and I wanted answers. How are organs distributed? Can I agree to donate some organs or tissue and not others?
If I sign a donor card or indicate my donation preferences on my driver's license, will my wishes be carried out?
And Can I change my mind?
- Organ Donation Organ donation is a topic which contains many conflicting views. To some of the public population organ donation is a genuine way of saving the life of another, to some it is mistrusted and to others it is not fully understood.
Organ donation is the act of donating an organ by a person so that it can be transplanted by surgical procedure in the body of the recipient. Organ donation can benefit the recipient largely by improving health, quality and span of his life and even save him from death or other critical conditions like paralysis.
Organ Donation is a Must Essay - Organ Donation, a must. One of the greatest advancements in modern medicine is the ability to transplant organs and tissues from living and non-living individuals. Currently there are , men, women, and children awaiting transplants in the United States (Emory, ). In light of the debate surrounding organ donation, this paper argues that it is a necessary procedure that needs to be embraced by potential donors and patients. Kidneys, corneas, heart, lungs, liver, intestines, and several other body parts of living or deceased people can be donated to those in need.
Organ donation is a topic which contains many conflicting views. To some of the public population organ donation is a genuine way of saving the life of another, to some it is mistrusted and to others it is not fully understood. Many people face this struggle every day. These people are waiting on a list for their perfect match the perfect person to be their organ donor. An organ donor is a person who has an organ, or several organs, removed in .