Nations that are among the poorest in the world were once colonies, or areas from which richer countries exported slaves; also, some of these territories were drained of resources. Rare exceptions like Canada or Australia do not deny the fact that, for example, almost the entire continent of Africa is a problematic area in terms of poverty and hunger. This happened due to the fact that colonialism contributed to the establishment of conditions where people living in former colonies cannot access capital or education.
In addition, there exist several hot spots in the world where wars and political instability also cause a significant decrease in the quality of life: Although such countries as the Netherlands or Belgium have a high density of population, their agricultural industry is based on mechanized farming and high-tech solutions, so poverty and hunger have no chance there.
The same refers to other technologically-advanced countries. On the other hand, there are countries in Africa with only about 80 persons per square mile, but because of low soil fertility, and the use of manual labor, these countries cannot boost their productivity and development povertyhci. Along with objective poverty factors, it is also important to consider social factors—in particular, psychological traits that many poor people possess.
In many developed countries, poor people do not try to improve their financial conditions, relying on welfare payments provided to them by governments CliffsNotes. Due to the lack of education and skills also caused by the inability to pay for them , they cannot work at well-paid jobs, although they can still become maids, cleaners, postal workers, couriers, and so on. Doing so would enable such people to earn more money necessary for education and personal development, but they prefer to keep the status quo.
Reasons of poverty are numerous, and it is difficult to analyze the entire complex of causes of such a global issue. However, some of them are obvious: A Dark Spot in Humanity. Is English your native language? What is your profession? Student Teacher Writer Other. Academic Assignment Writing an Essay. Policy , Economics , Government. Growth and poverty are associated with improvements in the living standards and the welfare of the population. South Africa is ideally a good example of a country where records indicate that economic growth has translated improvements in the well-being of the majority of the population.
Since its transition to democracy in , the country has experienced economic growth. South Africa from has experienced an average growth rate of approximately 3. The primary objective of the lawmakers is to create a better life for all people by establishing programs that strengthen grassroots organizations and enables them to provide affordable credit for small businesses.
Therefore, this essay seeks to evaluate various strategies the government of South Africa has improvised to address the issue of growth and poverty. Jobs through Public Works. The government of South Africa is ideally playing a significant role in building an economy which offers the people of South Africa an opportunity to contribute productively. All South African were given the opportunity to participate in the economic life of the country to alleviate poverty in the country.
The creation of job opportunities specifically catered for youth and women so that to address the issue of unemployment in the country. The job creation ensured adequate incomes along with labor standards locally, regionally and internationally. The fact of the matter is that the government of South Africa created programs that helped to promote empowerment, education, training and community capacity to eradicate all forms of poverty in the country.
This strategy is aimed at strengthening economic development, redistribution of income as well as socioeconomic opportunities for the poor. The country is a big player in the manufacturing and mining sector and the action plan through job creation in the industries has increased emphasis on macroeconomic reform to increase investment further. Therefore, the table below illustrates how the government has made significant progress in meeting the goals of economic growth, poverty reduction and job creation in the most household in the country.
Social Security and Social Welfare. The apartheid regime in South Africa contributed significantly towards the destruction of family and community life in several ways. Since then the government has transformed various programs aimed at improving the social welfare policies and ensuring the attainment of social developmental goals. The achievement of these basic social protection rights was established irrespective of color, race, religion and physical disability Pempel, , p.
The government has focused on creating robust, balanced and dynamic economic policies to meet the basic needs of people in the country. For these systems to be achieved the state has established participatory, accountable and transparent policy-making procedures in both the private as well as government sectors for sustainable improvements in services and income. Through the monetary and fiscal policy, the government of South Africa aims to alleviate inequalities in income and wealth as well as expand productive opportunities so that to support small and micro enterprises.
Utilization of capital remains a key factor in the government of South Africa to promote growth in production of goods which were previously imported. This policy has led to a significant contribution to foreign exchange earning thus addressing economic growth in the country.
Therefore, the table below indicates the growth incidences over the past ten years regarding economic development. The government has made significant progress in developing a plan for social transformation in the reconstruction and development program. This strategy ideally has helped the people of South Africa to acquire massive human resource development resulting of new attitudes towards work.
The nation implemented the property rights which are the most important poverty reduction strategies. Securing property rights to land is vital to most societies in South Africa. The land is the most basic need for rural residents, and the apartheid policies pushed millions of black South African into overcrowded and improvised reserves. The introduction of the agrarian reform program by the government has enabled the citizens of South Africa to build the economy through rural developments.
Poverty in Africa Essay example Words 6 Pages African nations regularly fall to the bottom of any list measuring economic activity, such as per capita income or per capita GDP, despite a .
Poverty has many dimensions and causes, and it is clear that different kinds of action are needed at different levels (international, regional, national and sub-national) if it is to. be significantly reduced. Africa is the world's second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. Africa is the world's poorest inhabited continent.
Report on Poverty in Africa Introduction This report investigates poverty around the world and considers whether all the people around the world have realized about poverty in Africa these days. The report . Chad, a Poverty Stricken Country in Africa Essay - There are many problems the continent of Africa faces, for example, underdevelopment, AIDS, and a corrupt government. However, one issue that contributes to all these factors and plauges present day Africa is .
Poverty in Africa has contributed to the spread of preventable diseases, the exploitation of woman and children, violent conflict over scarce resources and political instability. It is important that the world community not only acknowledges the reality of poverty in Africa, but nations and individuals should focus their energy and resources to do something about it. Poverty in Africa Almost a half of the African population live in extreme poverty. Despite all the international efforts, there has not been much progress in eliminating misery and starvation on this continent since the s.