The drinker may also experience numbness and tingling in the arms and legs caused by nerve damage. This results in the staggering walk often seen coming out of bars. Heavy drinking also has damaging effects on the stomach and intestinal system.
Irritation of the stomach lining can cause peptic ulcers, bleeding lesions and cancer. Blood loss causes loss of iron, which can cause irritability, lack of energy, headaches and dizziness. Risk of pancreatitis is also increased. Other effects of alcohol abuse include irritation of the intestinal tract lining and the colon; nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, sweating and loss of appetite; and increase in blood pressure, risk of heart attack and stroke.
These symptoms develop over time. Alcoholism, however, can begin to develop after the first drink. There are many reasons why people start drinking, such as to increase self-confidence, relieve stress, escape from personal problems, overcome shyness, or to overcome a poor self-image. Abuse of alcohol is defined as the use of alcohol interfering with physical, social, academic, or economic functioning.
The first stage of alcoholism involves the use of alcoholism as a way to deal with other problems. The abuser will drink more than the average amount and is usually preoccupied with partying or going out socially to drink.
The drinker will usually deny that a problem exists. The second stage of alcohol abuse begins to interfere with daily activities like work. The drinker finds it typically hard to get through the day without a drink. It also becomes difficult to get the same good feelings from drinking, so more alcohol is consumed.
The drinker will start drinking alone and in secret. Ambition and drive are lost and interest in family and friends goes away. This leads to the third stage where the alcoholism takes over.
The drinker lives for alcohol and nothing else. They experience loneliness and continue to drink even with disastrous results, including financial and personal problems. Alcoholism is the most serious form of alcohol abuse. Once the drinker reaches this stage, serious treatment should be considered.
By tracing the steps leading to alcoholism, it is natural to ask what causes the alcoholic to pick up a drink in the first place. Of course, it is the own personal responsibility of each individual who chooses to ingest alcohol. There are however, outside influences that can effect that decision. The power of the media and the messages it sends out can influence any impressionable person, especially teenagers, to consume alcohol.
Characters in film and TV are seen smoking and drinking all the time. Signs and advertisements for alcohol use fun animals to pitch the drink, or they show a drinker looking sexy and cool. If everyone is doing it and having fun, then everyone else should do it too.
That is the message advertisers want the teenager to pick up. Advertisers leave out the negative information on alcohol on purpose. As a result, teenagers often do not know what the health risks are when they use alcohol.
A study done by Washington drug and alcohol officials in showed that the media has major influences in all outlets. On the other hand, negative effects of drinking were only shown in half of the movies and only one-fifth of the songs.
American consumers are heavy consumers of movies, music and TV. So the government is targeting the entertainment and advertising industries in order to change the positive image of alcohol being put out. Anti-alcohol propaganda has proven to be not very effective. Advertisements promoting alcohol usually make you want to try the product. The ads convince the drinker to buy alcohol so they can feel glamorous, powerful and successful.
The ads also use status symbols like cars, jewelries and mansions so that everyone will believe they can have the same lifestyle as long as they buy their products. Visual propaganda is very powerful. Unfortunately, people fall for it many times. Often times bloody pictures of drunk-driving car accidents are shown. Images of badly torn up bodies can persuade someone to stop drinking for the moment.
While the bloody pictures may make the drinker think twice, the effects are not huge in preventing alcoholism. A lot of the anti-alcohol propaganda is about driving drunk. Drinking and driving is a combination that leads to horrible accidents. Driving while under the influence is a serious concern that has gained more and more attention. According to the U.
Surgeon General, the leading cause of death for year olds is drunk driving. Getting behind the wheel puts in danger not only the driver who is drunk, but any passengers and non-drinking bystanders as well. The government and police force have come up with several ways to prevent drinking and driving.
One of the methods is through a blood test. This is the most difficult one to carry out because it usually requires the person to go to a hospital after being pulled over by the police. Another test police administer is a breathalyzer test.
The policeman will make the driver breath into a tube that is able to read the level of alcohol in the blood. This is a valuable test because the police are able to do it as soon as they pull over the drunk driver.
The third test is less scientific. The police have the drunk driver attempt to walk a straight line and then cross their legs in the format of a number four. If they have been drinking, then they will be unable to stand up straight, their eyes will be redder, and they will lose their balance. Even though there should be more tests and more instructive propaganda on the subject of drinking and driving, the steps policemen take now do help to save lives.
Unfortunately, innocent people can be hurt by drunk drivers. But there are ways to prevent unnecessary accidents yourself. Some ways include volunteering to be a designated driver, trying to avoid driving on rural roads, using four lane highways, avoiding going on the road after midnight, and always wearing a seat belt. It is also helpful to recognize when friends may be in danger of drinking and driving.
A good thing to do is to take away the car keys or simply call a cab. Preventing drunk driving is only one way of fighting alcoholism. To really treat it well requires long-term care in almost every case. There are several treatments today for alcoholics to choose from. Three of the major forms of treatment are Alcoholics Anonymous, psychological treatment, and substance abuse clinics.
Through treatment, alcoholics can lead normal, productive and happy lives. The ultimate goal of alcoholism treatment is to enable the patient to achieve lasting abstinence.
Immediate goals, however, are to reduce the drinking in steps. A short-term treatment that is popular is the day in-patient treatment. This involves the patient going to a treatment facility for about a month to detox their bodies. This method can be helpful as sort of a crash course in alcoholism treatment, but care must continue following the month-long treatment.
Other methods last longer, some for 6 months. These treatments include residential therapy, where the patient is living at a treatment facility for an extended amount of time.
Many severe alcoholics need this kind of structure to succeed. The Betty Ford Clinic is an example of a treatment facility that allows patients to live there until they overcome their addiction to alcohol. Another method to treating alcoholism is outpatient therapy. Outpatient therapy offers a wide variety of programs for patients who visit on a consistent basis. Almost all of the programs will offer psychological therapy of some sort, in the form of individual or group counseling.
Often it is easier to talk about the addiction in a group of people with the same problems rather than alone. Out-patient therapy often is not effective by itself for the serious alcoholic. Usually this therapy is combined with another method. The third method is the most popular one.
Alcoholics Anonymous, also known as AA, was founded in It is based on the premise of the 12 steps to recovery. AA thinks of itself as a community of recovering alcoholics. They share their common problems with drinking and help each other recover from the addiction of alcohol.
The main purpose of AA is to help people stay sober. Alcoholics Anonymous consists of more than two million people all over the world. They meet in local groups that can be big or small, some having a handful of drinkers and others having hundreds attend a meeting. All of the meetings are free. Most Alcoholics Anonymous meetings are open to the public. However, some places have closed meetings in case members want to talk only about their alcohol problems and not be distracted by anyone there who may not be an alcoholic.
Alcoholics are encouraged to work the 12 steps. It is a chronic disease with an unknown biological or genetic cause Wekesser, , p. Alcoholics Anonymous was established in the United States in Alcoholics Anonymous is the number one treatment of alcoholism Wekesser, , p. Alcoholics Anonymous has a very affective twelve-step program Wekesser, , p.
Chronic Alcohol Abuse damages almost every part of the body Monroe, , p. Chronic Alcohol Abuse can cause severe and permanent damage to the brain Monroe, , p. It also degenerates, scars and can set the heart off beat Monroe, , p.
Chronic Alcohol Abuse may also cause Fatty liver, Hepatitis, and cirrhosis liver diseases. Fatty Liver Disease builds up fat in liver so it cannot process food but will heal over time.
Hepatitis Liver Disease is a painful inflammation of the liver that can heal if drinking stops. Cirrhosis liver disease is fatal and permanently kills liver cells Monroe, , p. It can cause inflammation the pancreatitis Monroe, ,p.
It decreases the activity of the immune system increasing the risk of cancer in the throat, mouth, liver, and bladder Monroe, , p. There are many methods of treating alcoholism or Chronic Alcohol Abuse. There are a vast variety of inpatient and outpatient programs today but abstinence from alcohol is required in all of them http: The main factors in success are maintaining a healthy diet, exercise and positive work patterns http: Crisis intervention services take place in hospitals.
This is treatment for overdoses on drugs and alcohol where people stay for a few days then move to counseling Monroe, , p. Residential treatment programs will remove the person from their home and move them to a new location. Here the people learn about the consequences of their drunken actions. These treatments take from two to twelve months. Many programs help build self-esteem and trust in others Monroe, , p. Day treatment programs are so you can work counseling into schedule.
It lasts for two to twenty four months Monroe, , p. They provide a wide range of services Monroe, , p. In the United States they offer treatment in three phases. The phases are Detoxing, Recovery, and Prevention.
All alcoholics go through withdrawals. However, most do not go to a detoxification center. Alcohol withdrawal differs for each person. People may become restless, sweat, shake, or hallucinate.
A craving for alcohol is common. Some people become delirious or cannot sleep. Alcohol withdrawal, ridding the body of alcohol, usually takes five days but can last several weeks.
Trained personnel help alcoholics through withdrawal. They evaluate alcoholics for medical and physical problems. Sometimes doctors give alcoholics medicine to help them through withdrawal. Because the craving for alcohol is strong during withdrawal, some people take a drug called antabuse.
Antabuse discourages alcoholics from returning to alcohol. By itself, antabuse produces no reactions. The reactions are swift and severe. Not all people want to take antabuse, and doctors do not prescribe it often. Sometimes alcoholics who withdrawal from alcohol take tranquilizers. Sometimes alcoholics become addicted to tranquilizers instead of alcohol. Also tranquilizers and alcohol are depressants, by mixing the two alcoholics become very ill. After withdrawal, alcoholics often go to a recovery program, such as an in-hospital treatment program, outpatient hospital program, residential, or day treatment programs.
These programs are important, because if teens or others go right home after detoxification, they usually start to drink again. That is because they have not learned other ways to deal with their lives, other than by drinking. In this research paper I explained the basics of alcohol.
I also talked about the problems with alcohol and some of the solutions. I believe that the making, selling and buying of alcohol should be drastically slowed. I know it should be stopped completely for the best but that will never happen. I think it should only be used once in a while for celebratory purposes.
Free sample Sociology research papers and Sociology research paper examples can be used in instructional purposes only.
You can find top custom writing companies listed rightside at our blogroll side-bar. Need a Custom Sociology Paper?
Example research paper on Alcoholism: Alcohol's importance in our social history is significant. Even more significant is the abuse of alcohol and the how.
Alcohol Research Paper Alcohol plays too significant a role in society today and should be an after thought as opposed to the most essential addition to any social event.
Free Alcoholism papers, essays, and research papers. Alcoholism in The Swimmer, by John Cheever - “The Swimmer” by John Cheever is a short story about Neddy Merrill and his journey through alcoholism. Jul 21, · Before you start writing research papers on alcoholism, you need to clarify important topics you want to cover in your essay.
Free example research paper on Alcoholism Disease. Alcoholism research paper sample for free. Find other free essays, term papers, dissertations on Alcoholism . On this page you can find information about Alcoholism Research Paper, free Alcoholism Research Paper sample and learn how to write Alcoholism Research Paper.