What Are the Characteristics of Philippine Literature? Full Answer Modernist literature arose in the s and lasted until the s. Learn more about Literature. Contemporary literature is ironic and reflects a society's political, social and personal views. The term "contemporary literature" usually applies to anyt You May Also Like Q: What Are the Characteristics of a Crocodile? What Are the Characteristics of the Jakota Triangle? How to Self-Publish a Book Q: What Is Author Purpose?
The term modernism covers a number of related, and overlapping, artistic and literary movements, including Imagism , Symbolism , Futurism , Vorticism , Cubism , Surrealism , Expressionism , and Dada. Early modernist writers, especially those writing after World War I and the disillusionment that followed, broke the implicit contract with the general public that artists were the reliable interpreters and representatives of mainstream "bourgeois" culture and ideas, and, instead, developed unreliable narrators , exposing the irrationality at the roots of a supposedly rational world.
They also attempted to take into account changing ideas about reality developed by Darwin , Mach , Freud , Einstein , Nietzsche , Bergson and others. From this developed innovative literary techniques such as stream-of-consciousness, interior monologue , as well as the use of multiple points-of-view. This can reflect doubts about the philosophical basis of realism , or alternatively an expansion of our understanding of what is meant by realism.
For example, the use of stream-of-consciousness or interior monologue reflects the need for greater psychological realism. It is debatable when the modernist literary movement began, though some have chosen as roughly marking the beginning and quote novelist Virginia Woolf , who declared that human nature underwent a fundamental change "on or about December ". Among early modernist non-literary landmarks is the atonal ending of Arnold Schoenberg 's Second String Quartet in , the Expressionist paintings of Wassily Kandinsky starting in and culminating with his first abstract painting and the founding of the Expressionist Blue Rider group in Munich in , the rise of fauvism , and the introduction of cubism from the studios of Henri Matisse , Pablo Picasso , Georges Braque and others between and Sherwood Anderson 's Winesburg, Ohio is known as an early work of modernism for its plain-spoken prose style and emphasis on psychological insight into characters.
James Joyce was a major modernist writer whose strategies employed in his novel Ulysses for depicting the events during a twenty-four-hour period in the life of his protagonist, Leopold Bloom , have come to epitomize modernism's approach to fiction.
Eliot described these qualities in , noting that Joyce's technique is "a way of controlling, of ordering, of giving a shape and a significance to the immense panorama of futility and anarchy which is contemporary history Instead of narrative method, we may now use the mythical method.
It is, I seriously believe, a step toward making the modern world possible for art. This is in fact a rhetorical technique to convey the poem's theme: Modernist literature addressed similar aesthetic problems as contemporary modernist art.
Gertrude Stein 's abstract writings, for example, have been compared to the fragmentary and multi-perspective Cubist paintings of her friend Pablo Picasso. In this poem, MacDiarmid applies Eliot's techniques to respond to the question of nationalism, using comedic parody, in an optimistic though no less hopeless form of modernism in which the artist as "hero" seeks to embrace complexity and locate new meanings.
Significant modernist works continued to be created in the s and s, including further novels by Marcel Proust, Virginia Woolf, Robert Musil 'Man without qualities' , and Dorothy Richardson. The American modernist dramatist Eugene O'Neill 's career began in , but his major works appeared in the s and s and early s. Lawrence 's Lady Chatterley's Lover was published in , while another important landmark for the history of the modern novel came with the publication of William Faulkner 's The Sound and the Fury in Then in James Joyce 's Finnegans Wake appeared.
It was in this year that another Irish modernist, W. Cummings , and Wallace Stevens continued writing from the s until the s. The term late modernism is sometimes applied to modernist works published after Basil Bunting , born in , published his most important modernist poem Briggflatts in Samuel Beckett , who died in , has been described as a "later modernist". The terms minimalist and post-modernist have also been applied to his later works.
More recently the term late modernism has been redefined by at least one critic and used to refer to works written after , rather than With this usage goes the idea that the ideology of modernism was significantly re-shaped by the events of World War II , especially the Holocaust and the dropping of the atom bomb.
The Scottish writer Ali Smith has been considered by many to be a very late Modernist writer. The term Theatre of the Absurd is applied to plays written by primarily European playwrights , that express the belief that human existence has no meaning or purpose and therefore all communication breaks down. Logical construction and argument gives way to irrational and illogical speech and to its ultimate conclusion, silence.
Critic Martin Esslin coined the term in his essay, "Theatre of the Absurd. Though the term is applied to a wide range of plays, some characteristics coincide in many of the plays: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Modernist literature. For modern literature, see History of modern literature. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this article , discuss the issue on the talk page , or create a new article , as appropriate.
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Mini Lesson: Make a chart to identify aspects of modernism. In the left column list the characteristics of modernism; in the middle column find specific passages; in .
Modernist literature was a predominantly English genre of fiction writing, popular from roughly the s into the s. Modernist literature came into its own.
A Crash Course in Modernism & Postmodernism Modernism, as a literary style, emerged after WWI, beginning in Europe and then progressing into American literature by the late s. After the First World War many people questioned the chaos and the insanity of it all. Modernist literature was known for its focus on the inner self and consciousness. It contrasted with the previously popular Romantic period of writing, which took a much less inward focus and dwelled on nature and existence.
Elements of Modernism in American Literature Modernism was a cultural wave that originated in Europe and swept the United States during the early 20th century. Modernism impacted music, art and literature by radically undoing traditional forms, expressing a sense of modern life as a sharp break from the past and its rigid conventions. Overview of Literary Modernism: Authors, Context, and Style He got in a lot of trouble for writing a book called Lady Chatterley's Lover which, as you might be able to anticipate from the.