Recent research suggests that those with a family history of alcoholism are more at risk for obesity Grucza, Cite both authors' names in your essay every time you refer to their research if the work only has two authors. If a work has three to five authors, cite all the authors the first time you mention their research, but use "et al.
For example, on first reference, you would write, "Kisangau, Lyaruu, Hosea, and Joseph found Cite the page, chapter, table, figure or equation number in parentheses after the author name and date if you want to refer to a specific part of the document. Page numbers are abbreviated as "p. Create a "References" list at the end of your essay listing every work you cited in the essay. Format the list alphabetically by author's last name. Although there are dozens of types of works you may need to format in a reference list, the most common works to cite will likely be articles published in journals.
In general, these are cited by listing the first author's last name, followed by his or her initials, followed by a comma and the next author. This is followed by year of publication, then title of article. This is followed by the title of the periodical in italics, followed by the volume number and issue number in parentheses. Finally, list the page numbers. The first line of the citation begins at the left margin. Each subsequent line should be indented underneath the first line. The geographic expansion of Mexican immigration in the United States and its implications for local law enforcement.
Law Enforcement Executive Forum Journal, 8 1 , Collect the author s names, title of the article, title of the magazine, volume number if applicable , date of publication, and page numbers. For online magazines, get the date of access and URL as well. Collect the name of the author of the article, title of the article, name of the newspaper, date of publication, and the section, page and column location of the article.
If the newspaper is online, get the URL and date of access, too. If you found the newspaper article in a database, write down the URL, date of access, database, and library through which article was accessed name, city, and state. Get the author's name if given , title of work, group responsible for the site if applicable , date site was last updated, date of access, and URL. If you have trouble finding everything except the last two items, you might want to reconsider the validity of this source.
For postings, also get the title of posting, post number if numbered , date of posting, URL the post was made to, and URL of message archives. If published by the US government, get the issuing agency, title of the document, number of the Congress, session number of Congress, place of publication, date of publication, document number if given , and SuDoc number.
Place a reference next to each statement that you've cited. When you're writing your final paper, be sure to keep track of which source each cited statement came from. How you do so depends on which format you're using. Place an MLA reference. Write author last name and page number in parentheses.
If the author is already mentioned in the statement, just put the page number in parentheses. If there are two authors, name them both with "and" in the middle. Use commas if there are more than two authors. Place the citation before a punctuation mark. Add a superscript number at the end of the statement to denote which source it is referring to. Even if you refer to the same source multiple times, it gets a new superscript number every time. Start the superscript numbers from 1 every time you start a new page.
Place an APA reference. Write the author last name or organization name and year in parentheses. If the author is already mentioned in the statement, put the year in parentheses next to the name and put the page number in parentheses at the end of the statement, if applicable. Unlike with the Turabian footnotes, there's only one superscript number for each source.
It's possible to have superscript numbers on one page that are out of order if a source was cited on a previous page. You can also cite multiple sources at once by specifying a range, or using a comma. The citation can go in the sentence or at the end, after punctuation. Write the author last name and publication year in parentheses.
If the author is already mentioned in the statement, just put the year in parentheses. Use commas only if there are more than two authors. Cite in Chicago Manual of Style. Chicago style usually lists author and then date. This style is recommended for natural and social sciences, as well as the other humanities.
Similar to MLA as described above. For example, Marbury v. Madison , 5 U. Madison, found in the fifth volume of the reports of the U. Supreme Court, starting at page , 12 U. Assemble the list of works cited or references. This is what the reader will refer to when they see a citation and want to find out where you got the information.
It usually goes at the end of the work except when you use Turabian footnotes and is sometimes referred to as a bibliography when it includes sources that were not directly cited.
The following links contain guidelines and examples for commonly used styles: Don't forget to put your sources in order! For most formats, you will need to put your sources in alphabetical order. Make sure to include all of your sources in your bibliography. You do not want to be accused of plagiarism, especially if you are in college as this can get you kicked out. Give the author's name if given , title of the work, group responsible for the site if applicable , date site was last updated, date of access, and URL.
Not Helpful 3 Helpful What do you do if I am trying to cite a book and the two authors have the same last name? If it is the same book, write "A and B [LastName], ".
If it is a different book, it would not matter as long as it is written in the Bibliography. Not Helpful 2 Helpful 7. There appear to be errors in the "Sample MLA Citation List" - sometimes surnames appear first, sometimes second, for example: This is not an error.
For the works cited page in MLA format, the first author's surname is placed first, for alphabetical order. Subsequent authors are identified by first name and surname. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 0.
Although essays are less formal, using APA style to cite research in an essay will not only give your essay credibility, but will allow readers to look up the original sources if they are interested in more information. APA style is not difficult to master, but it takes practice and .
How to cite a quote in an essay. According to MLA, you when citing a quote you should omit quotation marks, start it with the new line, use double spacing and include the citation after the punctuation ends. And in APA you should just include the last name of the author, the year and also the page number.
APA (American Psychological Association) is most commonly used to cite sources within the health sciences and social sciences fields. This resource, revised according to the 5th edition of the APA manual, offers examples for in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and your bibliography or . Please use the example at the bottom of this page to cite the Purdue OWL in APA. To see a side-by-side comparison of the three most widely used citation styles, including a chart of all APA citation guidelines, see the Citation Style Chart.
Example for citing part of a source in your in-text or parenthetical APA citation: One of the most memorable quotes is when he says, “You are going to live a good and long life filled with great and terrible moments that you cannot even imagine yet!” (Green, , p. ). For example, when you cite sources in a psychology paper you would probably use a different form of citation than you might in a paper for an English class. Finally, you should always consult your instructor to determine the form of citation appropriate for your paper.