The next type of mutilation is Intermediate infibulation. It is called intermediate because it varies on the degrees of stitching. In one type the clitoris is removed and the surface of the labia minora is roughened to allow stitching.
In another situation the clitoris is left intact but the labia minora are removed. In other words the insides of the labia majoa are removed and stitched with the clitoris buried underneath Cutting the Rose. This procedure is done to females at a variety of ages.
This depends on the culture in which they are coming from. The ages range from shortly after birth, to when the female has her first pregnancy. The most common ages for most of the cultures are between the ages of four and eight. Sometimes the girls undergo this operation by themselves, but most of the time it is done with a group of close girls.
An example would be sisters or other close relatives or neighbors, or is some cultures it is done on a whole group of girls in the community that are the same age Female Genital Mutilation.
The procedure can be carried out in a couple of different places, and a couple of different people. It may also be done in a health center. Different cultures designate different people to carry out this ceremony.
These people range from older women, a traditional midwife, the community healer, a barber, or a qualified midwife or doctor Female Genital Mutilation. The tools that are used in doing this operation vary, once again on where the procedure is being done, and on what the community has been doing for years.
They are usually performed with special knives. In Mali they use a saw-toothed knife Cutting the Rose. The procedure is also done with razor blades like the ones the tribes of Sudan use, which they call a Moos el Shurfa Cutting the Rose. Cultures also have been know to use objects such as glass or scissors, and on extremely rare occasions people have been reported of using sharp stones, burning the clitoris off, or using sharp fingernails to pluck out the clitoris of babies in some areas of Gambia Cutting the Rose.
There are many disadvantages to this procedure as one may already have been thinking while reading this paper. There are physical side effects associated with this procedure. The most severe is death. While the female is undergoes this procedure there is pain, because in most of the societies that this is taking place, the people are not very well developed, therefore they do not know of thing like anesthesia.
Also associated with the procedure are shock, hemorrhage, and damage to the organs surrounding the clitoris and labia Female Genital Mutilation. Dear Sir, With Regard to your recent coverage of female circumcision, while in Malawi a couple of months ago I came across the story of a fourteen year-old girl of the Yao tribe tat inhabits land in the southern end of the country.
She was diagnosed HIV-positive although she was a virgin. Blame was laid on the fact that during tribal circumcision the same razor would be used on any number of children at the same time. The solution the chief offered to take up was that in future each child was to bring its own razor Cutting the Rose. That passage bring me to the point that since the operators do many circumcisions at one time there is a very large likelihood that the poor girls will contract horrible diseases.
These illnesses certainly mean death, because of the lack of adequate mediation available to them. Rosemary Mburu, A Kenyan gynecologist has estimated that 15 per cent of all circumcised females dies of bleeding or infections, and other reports show that out of every 1, females that undergo this procedure 70 women die as a result.
As there are those are all of the short-term effects of female circumcision, there are also problems that occur in the long-term. The most common complication of female circumcision is the lack of sensation during sexual intercourse due to the removal of the clitoral gland and the labia minora Cutting the Rose.
This is because there is scar tissue that forms, because of accidental cuts into the vaginal wall Cutting the Rose. This in turn leads to painful menstruation, or otherwise referred to as dysmenorrhoea.
This happens because the menstrual blood cannot flow freely. If society exposes us to only one set of moral values in life, the morals of another society will seem abnormal. If other countries were to come into the U. So the same reaction can be expected from them. The most professional way to handle any interaction from the U. They could suggest better options but not put the pressure on the cultures that carry it out to change their ways. If it were to happen on the U.
In order for a society to function efficiently, its members must concur. We cannot guarantee that the personal information you supply will not be intercepted while transmitted to us or our marketing automation service Mailchimp. We will not disclose your personal information except: We will retain your information for as long as needed in light of the purposes for which is was obtained or to comply with our legal obligations and enforce our agreements.
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When you receive the information, if you think any of it is wrong or out of date, you can ask us to change or delete it for you. Brought to you by curio. Edited by Ross Andersen. I try not to talk about my research at dinner parties. I study childhood genital surgeries.
Female, male and intersex genital surgeries, specifically, and I make similar arguments about each one. Barring some serious disease to treat or physical malfunction to address for which surgery is the most conservative option , they should probably be left alone.
I n the s, when the Canadian ethicist Margaret Somerville began to speak and write critically about the non-therapeutic circumcision of infant boys, she was attacked for even addressing the subject in public. How dare I compare the innocuous and beneficial removal of the foreskin with the extreme mutilations enacted against females in other societies!
Almost every one of them is untrue or severely misleading. Put that way, anyone who tried to compare the two on ethical or other grounds would be making a serious mistake — anatomically, at the very least.
Almost every one of them is untrue, or severely misleading. They derive from a superficial understanding of both FGM and male circumcision; and they are inconsistent with what scholars have known about these practices for well over a decade. More prevalent, but much less frequently discussed in the media, is a range of less extensive alterations, sometimes performed under anaesthesia by medical professionals and with sterile surgical equipment.
Male genital cutting is performed at different ages, in different environments, with different tools, by different groups, for different reasons.
And, morally, I think the law is correct here.
- Female Genital Mutilation in Africa ital Mutilation in Sudan In the country of Sudan, in Northern Africa, there is a procedure that is tradition and is performed on most women called female genital mutilation, or FGM, which used to be known as female circumcision.
Female Genital Mutilation essays Female genital mutilation is a horrendous injustice that occurs everyday in this world. Female genital mutilation is wrong for several reasons. It is wrong because women can experience physical health consequences, psychological health consequences and it is a form.
Female Genital Mutilation Essay - The practice of female genital mutilation, also known as female circumcision, occurs throughout the world, but it is most common in Africa. Female genital mutilation is a tradition and social custom . Functionalism can best be used to describe Female Genital Mutilation due to the role each group plays in their society. Functionalism is “a theoretical framework in which society is viewed as composed of various parts, each with a function that, when fulfilled, contributes to society’s equilibrium” (Henslin ).
The definition of female genital mutilation (FGM) is referred to as the removal of part, or all, of the female genitalia (Female Genital Mutilation). There are five different categories that fall under Female genital mutilation they are: Circumcision, Excision, Infibulation, and Intermediate infibulation (Cutting the Rose). Essay on Female Genital Mutilation Two million girls are subjected to female genital mutilation in the name of tradition every year (Win News). That is a large amount of females that undergo this procedure.